images

What are vitamins?
The name ‘vita’ meaning life was first used by Polish chemist Casimir Funk in 1912.
Vitamins are made up of organic compounds which our bodies need to function. Our bodies can do many things but can not make vitamins (with an exception of vitamin K) so we need to receive them via our intake on foods or supplements. There are 13 major vitamins; A,B,C,D,E and K. Vitamin A,D,E and K are fat soluble so are able to dissolve in fats and oils but not in water. As a fat soluble they can be stored in the body and can be used when needed. Vitamins B and C are water soluble meaning that our body can not store them but is excreted. Vitamins aid in balancing the body, but once we come across an illness or incorrect eating our bodies are not getting the sufficient nutrients needed for our bodies to function correctly.

What are minerals?
Minerals are inorganic compounds and are based on 25 elements. The most common minerals would be iron and calcium which is needed in small amounts. Other elements as copper and fluorine the body relies on for the breakdown of chemical reactions along with enzymes and proteins. Minerals are the bodies source of utilizing energy. Our bodies bones and teeth are composed of this main material and well as minerals help to control fluids in and out of our cells. Like vitamins, minerals need to become balanced in order for our bodies to maintain good health.

By Amanda Richardson